Table of content

buying an ipo

Table of content

Things To Watch Out For Before Buying an IPO

With the stock market offering a variety of investment routes, your choice depends on your risk tolerance and financial capacity. Depending on your financial standing, you can determine the extent of funds you can allocate to stock market investments. Each of these investment options carries a distinct level of risk. Thus, knowing your risk appetite and the capital you can comfortably commit plays a vital role in making well-informed investment choices. Among the various investment methods, the Initial Public Offering, more commonly known as an IPO, stands out as a highly favoured approach.

This blog acts as an informative guide to the world of IPO investments. It will help you understand the fundamental aspects of IPOs and explore the reasons that drive companies to choose this path.

Understanding IPOs

In the world of finance, an IPO represents a company's first-time offering of shares to the public on the stock market. This marks a significant moment for a business, as it moves from being privately owned to involving the broader public. To break it down, when a company decides to become public, it's essentially asking people like you to become part owners by buying shares. These shares not only mean owning a piece of the company but also potentially sharing in its future earnings.

The Motivation Behind IPO Announcements

When a company decides to declare an IPO, it's driven by several compelling factors. To begin with, an IPO presents a viable avenue for a company to gather capital. By offering shares to the public, the company secures funds that can be utilised for multiple purposes such as business expansion, research and development initiatives, debt repayment, or even facilitating acquisitions. Additionally, the decision to go public via an IPO enhances the company's visibility and credibility within the market. It also extends an exit strategy for early investors and employees, allowing them to liquidate a portion of their investments.

Key Factors to Consider Before Buying an IPO

While investing in an IPO might be appealing, especially when you hear success stories of individuals making substantial profits, it's important to approach IPO investments with caution. Finding the best IPO to buy requires careful thinking and paying close attention. Here are several crucial factors to consider before buying an IPO:

  • Company's Financial Position:

    Examine the company's financial statements. Look out for signs of profitability, revenue growth, and debt levels. A strong financial foundation is essential for long-term success.
  • Thoroughly Review the Prospectus:

    The prospectus, a legal document, provides vital insights into the company, covering its operations, financials, associated risks, and the intended use of the raised capital. Carefully examine the prospectus in detail to understand the company's business model and potential challenges.
  • Market Trends and Industry Analysis:

    Take into account the industry the company operates in and the ongoing market trends. A company operating in a rising industry might offer better growth prospects.
  • Assessing Competition:

    Evaluate the company's competitors and its competitive edge. A strong position relative to competitors could signify a more stable investment.
  • Valuation Analysis:

    Determine whether the IPO price appears reasonable based on the company's financials and the valuation of comparable firms in the market. An overpriced IPO might not yield the desired returns.
  • Understanding Lock-Up Periods:

    Verify if there's a lock-up period for insiders, which prevents them from selling their shares immediately after the IPO. This factor can influence the supply-demand dynamics of the stock.
  • Reputation of Underwriters:

    Investigate the reputation of the investment banks or underwriters involved in the IPO. Reputable underwriters can instil confidence in the credibility of the IPO.
  • Gauging Market Sentiment:

    Keep an eye on the overall market sentiment and investor interest in IPOs. A positive market environment can create favourable conditions for new offerings.

How to Buy an IPO Share?

Now that you're equipped with insights into what to consider before deciding to buy an IPO, let's delve into the process of purchasing IPO shares:

  • Establish a Demat Account:

    To buy an IPO, you need a Demat account, a repository for holding your shares in electronic form. If you don't have one, you'll need to initiate the process of opening an account with an authorised Depository Participant (DP).
  • Place an IPO Application:

    Once you've identified an IPO that aligns with your interests, you can proceed to apply for its shares through your Demat account. Application can be done online or by using physical forms provided by your bank.
  • Select the Appropriate Category:

    IPOs often have distinct categories, such as retail, institutional, and high-net-worth individuals (HNI). Ensure that you apply under the appropriate category based on your eligibility.
  • Payment and Allocation:

    During the application process, you'll need to make the required payment via net banking. Once the IPO subscription window closes, shares are allocated based on the demand. In cases of oversubscription, allotment might be carried out through a lottery system.
  • Listing and Trading:

    Following allocation, the shares will be credited to your Demat account. Once the stock gets listed on the exchange, you're free to initiate trading in the secondary market.


Embarking on IPO investments can be a thrilling opportunity to enter the stock market and potentially gain from the growth of emerging companies. Nevertheless, it's important to approach IPO investments with care. Conducting thorough research on the company, understanding industry dynamics, and evaluating potential risks are vital steps before you commit your resources. Keep in mind that not all IPOs give exceptional results, highlighting the significance of diversifying your investment portfolio and avoiding putting too much in one place. Armed with knowledge and smart decisions, you're better prepared to navigate the world of IPO investments with greater confidence.

Read Also: Top 10 IPO Investment Tips and Strategies

Frequently Asked Questions

Investing in an IPO is similar to purchasing a portion of a new company as it starts trading on the stock market. Your attention should be on the company's financial status, how they intend to utilize the funds raised from the IPO, and their future strategies.

The "lock-up period" is a waiting period. After a company's IPO, people linked to the company, like founders and employees, can't sell their shares right away. This helps keep the share price steady and indicates that the company's insiders have confidence in its future.

Yes, even if you're new to the stock market, you can take part in an IPO. However, it's important to learn about the company, its industry, and the market trends before making a decision. Seeking advice from experienced investors or financial experts could also be helpful.

While investing in IPOs of well-known companies might seem safer, it's not the only aspect to consider. Even smaller companies can offer potential if they operate in growing industries or have innovative ideas. It's crucial to thoroughly research both established and smaller companies before deciding where to invest.

Absolutely, you can apply for multiple IPOs simultaneously. Each IPO application is separate, and your chances of getting allotted shares depend on the demand for each specific IPO. Just make sure you have enough funds in your account to cover the applications.

The duration between the subscription period ending and the actual start of trading for IPO shares can vary. Generally, it takes a few days to a couple of weeks for the shares to be listed and trading to commence on the stock exchange.

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