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How to Convert Physical Shares into Demat
If you’re looking for information on how to convert physical shares into demat form, then you’ve come to the right place. Through this article, we will explain how to convert old share certificates into demat and the importance of doing so.
Introduction - Why do you need a Demat Account?
A demat account is required in India to hold shares and securities in an electronic format, as opposed to holding physical certificates. This makes buying, selling, and trading equity shares more efficient and convenient. It also eliminates the need for the safekeeping of physical certificates and reduces the risk of them being lost or stolen. Additionally, shares held in a demat account are easily transferable, which makes the process of buying and selling shares more streamlined.
SEBI (Securities and Exchange Board of India) introduced the concept of dematerialisation in India in 1996. In this process, you convert physical shares into a demat format, which is held in a demat account. The National Securities Depository Limited (NSDL) was set up by SEBI in 1996 as the first central securities depository in India to facilitate dematerialisation of securities. Subsequently, the Central Depository Services Limited (CDSL) was also set up in 1999 as the second central securities depository in India.
What Are the Steps to Convert Physical Share to Demat?
Now that you know the background and importance of a demat account, let us understand how to convert old shares into demat.
Step 1 – Open a Demat Account with a Depository Participant (DP)A DP acts as an intermediary between you and the SEBI registered depository. If you don’t already have an active account then you need to open a demat account with a Depository Participant of your choice. This is a fairly simple and straightforward process and can be achieved online in a matter of a few minutes.
Step 2 – Complete the Dematerialisation Request Form (DRF)Once you have an active account, you can request to convert physical shares to demat form. For this, you will need to fill out a DRF and surrender your physical shares to your DP. Note: Fill the form carefully, ensuring there is no mismatch of information (like name, DP ID, etc.) to avoid rejection or delays in processing.
Step 3 – Surrender the shares for scrutinyThe DP will verify the details and stamp the certificates before sending the share certificates to the Registrar and Share Transfer Agent (RTA) of the respective company. It will also generate a Dematerialisation Registration Number (DRN) that will be tagged to your request. After the company confirms the dematerialisation request, the shares will be credited to your demat account.
Now you know how to convert physical shares into demat with the support of your DP. It is important to note that before dematerialising the shares, ensure that the shares are in order and are not in dispute. Also, check the charges that DP may charge for the process as some may charge a nominal fee for this service.