Difference Between FDI and FII
The term "foreign direct investment" (FDI) refers to investment made by a company with its headquarters in another country. It is frequently confused with Foreign Institutional Investment (FII), which is investments made by a company with its headquarters in a nation different from the one where the investment is being made.
Both FDI and FII are types of investments that are made abroad. FDI is designed to acquire a majority stake in a company or sector, whereas FII prefers to invest in international financial markets because it benefits the entire economy.
What is the Meaning of FDI?
The investment in which foreign money is transferred into a company based in a country apart from the investor company's home country is referred to as foreign direct investment. The goal of FDI is to develop a long-term interest in the investee company. Since the investor corporation seeks a sizable degree of influence over the foreign company, it is referred to as a direct investment.
One of the main ways to get overseas investment is through foreign direct investment. Industrialised countries with sound financial standing can provide financing to the nations with scarce financial resources. A foreign investor can acquire controlling ownership in a company in a number of methods, including through mergers and acquisitions, joint venture participation, stock purchases, and the incorporation of wholly owned subsidiaries.
What is the Meaning of FII?
The term "foreign institutional investor," or "FII," refers to investors who pool their funds to buy national assets located abroad. Overseas companies that invest money in the local financial markets are known as institutional investors. In order to make the investment, it must register with the relevant country's securities exchange board. Mutual funds, banks, hedge funds, insurance providers etc. are all considered as FIIs. Any nation's economy greatly benefits from FII. When a foreign business invests in or purchases securities, the market trend swings up, and vice versa if the investment is withdrawn.
What are the Differences between FDI and FII?
Let's go over the fundamental differences between FDI and FII.
|Meaning||Any corporation or organisation based and incorporated abroad that makes an investment in an Indian enterprise is known as FDI.||Foreign investor’s investment in the Indian stock market is known as FIIs.|
|Tenure of Investment||FDI investments are often made for the long term.||FII investments are short-term in nature.|
|Targeted Investment||FDI investment targets a specific company.||FII investment does not target a specific company.|
|Benefits for the investee company||In addition to financial inflow, the investee company gains several advantages in the form of technical know-how, strategic insights etc.||The investee firm obtains simply the capital through a FII investment and none of the additional perks that come with an FDI investment.|
|Ease of Investment||When an investment is made through the FDI route, it becomes difficult for investors to enter and exit the market.||When an investment is made through FII, investors can quickly enter and exit the market.|
|Impact of Investment||Due to the fact that FDI investments boost the nation's GDP, they are advantageous to the entire nation.||The capital of the nation's businesses increases as a result of FII investment.|
|Transfer of control or influence||The investee company transfers control or influence as a result of FDI investment.||The investors have no power or influence over FII investments.|
It is evident from the discussion above that the two types of foreign investment are entirely distinct. Both have their advantages and disadvantages. However, foreign investment in the form of FDI, is regarded as superior to FII because it not only brings capital but also improves management, governance, technology transfer, and employment opportunities.