Table of content

File Income Tax Return in India

Table of content

Income Tax Return India

In the growth of our nation, your role as a responsible citizen is vital. Within this journey, income tax is a significant aspect. As per the regulations outlined in Indian income tax laws, the filing of an IT return is a requisite for eligible individuals and businesses with income for the year. This process aids in the acknowledgement of taxable income, determination of tax obligations, and assertion of claims for applicable tax deductions.

This blog aims to guide you on how to file an income tax return in India, ensuring confidence and reducing stress.

What is Income Tax Return Filing?

Filing an Income Tax Return (ITR) in India is a crucial process for residents with an income. It involves sharing a transparent overview of your earnings and taxes with the government. Consider it as a formal declaration of your financial activities. This data aids the government in calculating the correct amount of tax you owe, contributing to the nation's growth. Filing an ITR involves reporting your income sources, eligible deductions, and total taxes paid. This ensures compliance with tax regulations and accurate payment. Beyond tax collection, the government utilises this data to make informed decisions about budgets, development initiatives, and policies.

In essence, ITR filing is your responsible contribution to the country's progress. It showcases your commitment to being a law-abiding citizen and supports the nation's development endeavours.

Types of ITRs

Indian Income Tax Department provides a wide range of ITR forms, each designed to cater to specific categories of taxpayers. The essence of an accurate tax declaration lies in selecting the appropriate form. Here are some of the commonly used ITR forms:

  • ITR 1 or Sahaj:

    Tailored for individuals with income originating from salary, a single house property, or other sources. This form is suitable for those whose total income remains under Rs. 50 lakhs.
  • ITR 2:

    Designed for individuals and Hindu Undivided Families (HUFs) who don't derive income from business or profession, and for those who possess multiple house properties and income from diverse sources.
  • ITR 2A:

    This recently introduced form for filing income tax returns in India, is specifically designed for individuals and HUFs. It applies to those with salary income, ownership of multiple house properties, and no capital gains income.
  • ITR 3:

    Crafted for an individual taxpayer or a Hindu Undivided Family (HUF) member who is a partner in a firm but doesn't engage in any business activities through the firm. This also pertains to individuals not earning any income from the firm's operations.
  • ITR-4 or Sugam:

    For an Indian resident individual, HUF, or a partnership firm earning income from a profession or business, choosing ITR-4 is a must. However, this option isn't available for Limited Liability Partnerships (LLPs).
  • ITR 5:

    Tailor-made for firms, Association of Persons (AOPs), Body of Individuals (BOIs), and Limited Liability Partnerships (LLPs).
  • ITR 6:

    Aligned with companies not availing exemption under section 11 of the Income Tax Act.
  • ITR 7:

    Intended for individuals, including companies, filing under sections 139(4A), 139(4B), 139(4C), 139(4D), 139(4E), or 139(4F)

Who Should File Income Tax Returns in India?

Individuals who earn a combined income from various sources exceeding the exemption limit are required to submit their income tax returns. This norm applies universally to individuals, HUFs, companies, and other entities. Moreover, if you're a Non-Resident Indian (NRI) with income that's subject to tax in India, it's your duty to submit an income tax return within the country.

Process for ITR Filing

Filing your Income Tax Return (ITR) might seem like a complex task, but breaking it down into simple steps can make the process smoother. The steps mentioned below will help you navigate this process:

  • Collect Essential Documents:

    Gather important documents such as your PAN card, Form 16 from your employer, Aadhaar card, investment proofs, bank statements, and any other relevant financial documents.
  • Select the Correct ITR Form:

    Depending on your income sources and financial situation, choose the appropriate ITR form. Each form is designed for specific types of taxpayers, so make sure to pick the one that fits your profile.
  • Calculate Your Income:

    Calculate your total income for the financial year. Include your salary, business income, rental income, and any other sources of income.
  • Calculate Taxable Income:

    After calculating your total income, deduct eligible deductions such as under Section 80C (for investments like Provident Fund, Life Insurance, etc.), Section 80D (for health insurance premiums), and others to arrive at your taxable income.
  • Compute Tax Liability:

    Use the applicable ITR slabs and rates to calculate the tax you owe on your taxable income. You can also take advantage of available tax credits and rebates.
  • Fill in the ITR Form:

    Carefully fill in the details in the selected ITR form.
  • Review and Verify:

    Before submitting, review your ITR form to ensure accuracy and completeness. Verify all the details to avoid errors.
  • Choose E-Filing or Physical Submission:

    You can choose to e-file your ITR on the Income Tax Department's official website or submit a physical copy to the designated ITR receiving offices. Electronic filing is more convenient and faster.
  • E-Verify or Send ITR-V:

    If you e-file your ITR, you can verify it electronically using options like Aadhaar OTP, net banking, or EVC. If you choose physical submission, you need to send the ITR-V form to the CPC within 120 days.
  • Keep Records:

    Maintain copies of all the documents, including the filed ITR, acknowledgement, and supporting documents. These records will be valuable for any future references.

ITR for NRIs (Non-Resident Indians)

For NRIs, filing income tax returns in India follows some specific guidelines:

  • Check Your Income:

    NRIs need to file ITR if their income in India crosses the exemption limit. As a Non-Resident Indian (NRI), you are entitled to a basic exemption of ₹2,50,000 on your total income in India. However, this exemption does not apply to short-term or long-term capital gains.
  • Types of Income:

    Any income earned in India – like rent or investments – should be considered for tax calculation.
  • No Aadhaar Requirement:

    While Aadhaar isn't mandatory for NRIs, linking it with PAN is advised.
  • Easy Online Filing:

    NRIs can file ITR online using the Income Tax Department's website.
  • Pick the Right Form:

    Choose the ITR form that fits your income sources, like ITR-2 for salary, house property, or capital gains.
  • Bank Details:

    Share your bank account details for potential tax refunds.
  • Calculate Taxable Income:

    Deduct expenses, deductions, and exemptions from your total income.
  • Filing Deadline:

    If no audit is needed, ITR is usually due by July 31st. But dates can change, so stay informed.
  • Expert Help:

    For complex situations, consulting a tax professional familiar with NRI taxation is smart.

By following these steps, NRIs ensure their ITR filing is accurate and compliant, contributing to India's progress.

Due Date for ITR Filing and Penalty for Late Submission

For most taxpayers, this significant point arrives on July 31st of the assessment year. Nonetheless, it's imperative to stay updated on any government updates that might alter this timeline. If you do not meet the deadline, it could lead to penalties ranging from Rs. 1,000 to Rs. 5,000, based on the extent of the delay.


Filing an Income Tax Return in India represents a concrete contribution towards the nation's progress, coupled with adherence to the legal requirements. Grasping the diverse spectrum of ITR forms, the corresponding eligibility parameters, and the process of filing itself, can transform this complex endeavour into a manageable task. By carefully following the step-by-step guide and respecting the due date, you're not merely fulfilling your responsibilities but actively participating in strengthening the nation's infrastructure. Understand your role as a responsible taxpayer, and fulfil the task of filing your ITR diligently, recognising the crucial role you play in shaping a brighter future for India.

Frequently Asked Questions

Yes, they can. However, it's important to be aware that filing post the due date leads to penalties and interest, even though such filings are allowed within the assessment year.

Checking the status of your ITR is a straightforward process, requiring a few clicks on the Income Tax Department's official website. By entering your PAN and the relevant assessment year, you can quickly access this information.

The essential documents include a PAN card, an Aadhaar card, bank statements, Form 16, proof of investments, and comprehensive details of income from all sources.

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