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Is a Margin Pledge Necessary?
To invest in the stock market, you need adequate capital. But what if the funds you have in your trading account are inadequate to purchase the stock of your preferred company? Here’s where Margin Trading Facility (MTF) comes into the picture. It is a unique feature that many stockbrokers offer. It allows you to purchase stocks even when your trading account has insufficient funds.
With MTF, all you need to do is deposit a percentage of the trade value. The remaining amount will be funded by your stockbroker. In exchange for providing this funding, the stockbroker creates a margin pledge on the stocks that you purchase. Here’s a comprehensive overview of what a margin pledge is, its importance and the various benefits that it offers.
What is Margin Pledge?
A margin pledge is created when your stockbroker pledges the securities in your demat account as collateral for the funds that you borrow from them. The borrowed funds can then be used to purchase more securities via a stock exchange.
Depending on the stockbroker, the process of pledge creation may vary. For instance, some stockbrokers require you to manually confirm the margin pledge request, whereas others don’t require any such confirmation.
Even though the securities are pledged, they continue to remain in your demat account and cannot be sold by you until the pledge is eventually withdrawn. Margin pledges are withdrawn only once you repay the borrowed amount along with the necessary interest.
Why is Margin Pledge Necessary?
According to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI), a margin pledge is necessary to be able to use the Margin Trading Facility (MTF) offered by stockbrokers.
In addition to being a legal requirement, a margin pledge also protects the stockbroker from any defaults in the repayment of the borrowed amount. In the case of any default in repayment, the broker can simply liquidate the pledged securities to recover the dues.
How to Withdraw Margin Pledge?
Once the entire borrowed amount along with interest and other charges are fully repaid, the margin pledge is automatically and unilaterally removed by the stockbroker by providing an instruction to the respective depository.
That said, as an investor, you can initiate the margin pledge withdrawal as well. All you need to do is log into the SPEED-e portal (if you have an NSDL demat account) or the Easiest portal (if you have a CDSL demat account) and submit a request for pledge withdrawal on your securities. Once you place such a request, the depository will notify your stockbroker who has to then approve the request. After receiving the approval from your stockbroker, the depository will close the margin pledge created on the securities in your demat account.
Benefits of Margin Pledge
Margin pledge offers a host of advantages for both the investor and the stockbroker. Here’s a quick overview of some of the most important benefits.
Enhances Your Purchasing PowerBorrowing funds by pledging the stocks in your demat account lets you purchase securities even when your trading account lacks sufficient funds to complete the transaction.
Can be Completed ElectronicallyOne of the major advantages of margin pledges is that the pledge creation can be completed electronically. All you need to do is approve the margin pledge request from your stockbroker by entering a One-Time Password (OTP) that you receive on your registered mobile number and email ID.
Easiest Way to Get Access to FundsWith a margin pledge, you can quickly and easily get access to funds. You don’t have to submit any extensive documentation or wait for days for approvals.
Acts as a Security Against DefaultMargin pledge provides a level of protection to the stockbroker against default in the repayment of the borrowed money. In the case of any such default, the stockbroker can simply invoke the pledge created on the securities by sending a request to the depository. Invoking the pledge will lead to the securities being transferred to the stockbroker’s demat account. The broker can then sell the securities in the secondary market to recover the dues.
With this, you must now be aware of what a margin pledge request is and why it is necessary. That said, although pledging securities is a good way to gain access to funds for trading, it is important to be cautious. Always remember to repay your dues to your stockbroker in time. Failing to do so can lead to losing your pledged securities.
If you’re interested in using Margin Trading Facility (MTF) but are worried about high interest rates, m.Stock may be able to help. With m.Stock’s MTF, you get industry-best interest rates starting from just 6.99% per annum. That’s not all. You also get other benefits like unlimited holding periods, up to 80% funding and low pledge creation charges.